Self defence entails an individual standing tall and actively counter attacking another person who is trying to cause harm or damage to them. This means that there has to exist a threat by another person so that you can engage yourself in self defence. Self defence is allowed by law provided you show the extent to which the other person was trying to cause harm to you. However,it being a legal doctrine doesnt mean that it should be abused. One should actually use reasonable force in self defence as this is allowable and not excessive of it. Its actually a justification rather than an excuse to causing harm.
What incidences can one actually use self defence as a countermeasure? There are a couple of allowable instances where one can actually use self defence and once brought to court the judgement will have to rule on their behalf. These instances may include rape, armed robbery and murder. In all these circumstances if brought to court and you actually harmed someone or cased injury to them in self defence for the crime they had committed against you, the ruling will favour you.
While dealing with self defense there are 4 elements towards it. They include:
- An unprovoked attack
This means that you are not the one who attacked first but you only actively defended yourself from getting injured further by the person.
- Attacker threatened injury
There has to be a proven degree of the attack showing that it would have caused you harm or injury physically to you.
- Reasonable force
This means that your counter attack has to be of use of reasonable force and should match the attack from the other person. Too much of it would lead to conviction.
- Reasonable fear of injury or death
You have to prove that the attacker actually made you scared in such a way that if you did not defend yourself you would have gotten hurt.